Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

The Kennel Club

American Akita

Akita

Akita


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Japan.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.01.2015.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 5Asian Spitz and related breeds
Without working trial

UKC
Northern Breed
KC
Utility

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
In the beginning, the history of the American Akitas is similar to the history of Japanese Akitas. When World War II ended, Akitas had been drastically reduced in number and existed as three distinct types 1) Matagi Akitas 2) Fighting Akitas 3) Shepherd Akitas. During the restoration process of the pure breed after the war, Kongo-go of the Dewa line enjoyed a temporary, but tremendous popularity. Many Akitas of the Dewa line, which exhibited characteristics of the Mastiff and German Shepherd influence, were brought back to the United States by members of the Military Forces. The Akitas from the Dewa line, intelligent and capable of adapting to different environments, fascinated breeders in the United States and the line was developed with increasing number of breeders and a great rise in popularity. The Akita Club of America was established in 1956 and the American Kennel Club (AKC) accepted the breed (inscription into the stud book and regular show status) in October 1972. However, at this time, the AKC and the JKC (Japan Kennel Club) did not have reciprocal agreements for recognizing each other’s pedigrees and therefore the door was closed for the introduction of the new bloodlines from Japan. Consequently, Akitas in the United States became considerably different from those in Japan, the country of origin. They developed as a type unique in the United States, with characteristics and type unchanged since 1955. This is in sharp contrast with Akitas in Japan which were crossbred with Matagi Akitas for the purpose of restoring the original pure breed.
UKC
The Akita is the largest of Japan’s native breeds. It is a member of the spitz family, originally used for bear hunting, but at one point in history it was crossed with Tosas and Mastiffs to increase its size and value as a fighting dog. When dog fighting was prohibited in 1908, the breed was preserved and improved as a large Japanese breed. During World War II, the breed was nearly lost, and following the war, due to crossbreeding, the Akitas that remained were of three distinct types. Akitas of the Dewa lines, which had characteristics from Mastiff and German Shepherd crosses, were brought to the United States by members of the Military Forces. These dogs fascinated American dog fanciers and the breed rose quickly in popularity. Akitas in the United States developed as a type unique to this country and they are now quite different than the breed in its country of origin. The Akita was recognized by United Kennel Club in 1980.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Large-sized dog, sturdily built, well balanced, with much substance and heavy bone. The broad head, forming a blut triangle, with deep muzzle, relatively small eyes and erect ears carried forward almost in line with back of neck, is characteristic of the breed.
UKC
The Akita is a large, heavily boned spitz type dog that is sturdily built and well balanced. Its broad, triangular shaped head, which has small eyes and erect ears that are carried forward almost in line with the back of the neck, is a distinctive characteristic of the breed.
KC
Large, powerful, alert, with much substance and heavy bone.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 9 to 10 in males and 9 to 11 in bitches.
The depth of the chest measures one-half of the height of the dog at withers.
The distance from tip of nose to stop corresponds to the distance from stop to occiput as 2 does to 3.
KC
Large, broad head, with relatively small eyes and erect ears carried forward in line with back of neck; large, curled tail, in balance with head.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Friendly, alert, responsive, dignified, docile and courageous.
UKC
The Akita is friendly, alert and responsive, with a dignified and courageous demeanor.
KC
Dignified, courageous, aloof; tends to show dominance over other dogs, though the trait is not encouraged.

HEAD

:
FCI
Massive, but in balance with the body, free or wrinkles when at ease. Head forms a blunt triangle when viewed from above.
UKC
The head is in the shape of a blunt triangle. It is massive, but in proportion to the size of the body. When the dog is relaxed, the head is free of wrinkles.
KC
Large, in balance with body, skull flat, forehead broad, defined stop and clear furrow. Head forms blunt triangle when viewed from above, free from wrinkle. Muzzle broad and strong, cheeks well developed. Nose large and black, bridge straight. Lips tight and black. In white dogs flesh colour pigmentation is permissible on nose and lips. Length from nose to stop is to length from stop to occiput as 2 is to 3.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat and broad between ears. A shallow furrow extends well up on forehead.
UKC
The skull is flat and broad between the ears. There is a shallow furrow between the eyes that runs well up the forehead. The stop is well defined but not abrupt.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined, but not too abrupt.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Broad and black. Slight and diffuse lack of pigment on nose is acceptable in white dogs only but black is always preferred.
UKC
Black and broad. Liver color is permitted on white Akitas, but black is preferred.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Broad, deep and full.
UKC
The muzzle is broad, deep and full. It is two-thirds the length of the skull. The lips are clean and black in color. The tongue is pink.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Black. Not pendulous; tongue pink.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws not rounded, but blunt, strong and powerful. Teeth strong with regular and full dentition; scissor bite preferred, but level bite acceptable.
UKC
A full complement of strong white teeth meeting in a scissors bite is preferred, but level bite is acceptable.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark brown, relatively small, not prominent, almost triangular in shape. Eye rims black and tight.
UKC
Dark brown, relatively small, deep set and nearly triangular in shape. The eye rims are black and tight.
KC
Relatively small, almond-shaped, clean, moderately set apart and dark brown. Eye rims dark and tight.

Ears

:
FCI
Strongly erect and small in relation to the rest of the head. If the ear is folded forward for measuring length, tip will touch upper eye rim. Ears are triangular, slightly rounded at tip, wide at base, not set too low. Viewed from the side, the ears are angled forward over the eyes following the line of the neck.
UKC
Strongly erect and small in relation to the rest of the head. If folded forward to measure for length, the tip should reach to the upper eye rim. Triangular shaped, slightly rounded at the tip and wide at the base, the ears are set wide on the head but not too low. Viewed from the side, the ears are angled forward over the eyes, following the line of the neck.
KC
Relatively small, thick, triangular, not low set, carried forward in line with the back of the neck when viewed in profile. Moderately set apart, slightly rounded at tips.

NECK

:
FCI
Thick and muscular with minimal dewlap, comparatively short, widening gradually toward shoulders. A pronounced crest blends harmoniously into the base of skull.
UKC
The neck is muscular and thick, comparatively short, and widens gradually toward the shoulders. There is a pronounced crest that blends in with the base of the skull. There should be no excess of dewlap.
KC
Thick and muscular, comparatively short, widening gradually toward shoulders. Pronounced crest blends with back of skull.

BODY

:
FCI
Longer than high. Skin not too thin, neither too tight nor too loose.
UKC
In proportion, the Akita is slightly longer than tall, with females being slightly longer in body than males (a height to length ratio of 9 to 10 in males and 9 to 11 in females.) The chest is wide and deep, and the ribs are well sprung. The back is level and the loin is firmly muscled. There is moderate tuck up. The skin is pliant but not loose.
KC
Longer than high, as 10 is to 9 in males, 11 to 9 in bitches. Chest wide and deep, depth of brisket is one-half height of dog at shoulder. Well developed forechest. Level back, firmly muscled loin, moderate tuck up. Skin pliant but not loose.

Back

:
FCI
Level.

Loin

:
FCI
Firmly muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Wide and deep. Ribs well sprung with well developed brisket.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Moderate tuck-up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Large and well furnished with hair, set high and carried over back or against flank in a three-quarter, full, or double curl, always dipping to or below level of back. On a three-quarter curl, tip drops well down on flank. Root large and strong.
The terminal bone of tail reaches hock when let or puled down. Hair coarse, straight and dense, with no appearance of a plume.
UKC
Large and full, set high, and carried over the back or against the flank in a three-quarter, full or double curl, the tail always dips to or below the level of the back. On a three-quarter curl, the tip drops well down on the flank. The tail is strong at the root and reaches the hock when let down. The coat on the tail is coarse, straight and dense with no appearance of a plume.
KC
Large and full, set high, carried over back, full or double curl, always dipping to or below level of back. On a three-quarter curl tail, tip dips down flank. Root large and strong. Hair coarse, straight and full with no appearance of a plume. Sickle or uncurled tail highly undesirable.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs heavy-boned and straight as viewed from front.
UKC
The shoulders are strong and powerful, with moderate layback.
KC
Shoulders strong and powerful, moderately laid back. Elbows very tight. Forelegs well boned and straight when viewed from front. Pasterns inclining at approximately 15 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Strong and powerful with moderate layback.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are heavily boned, and straight when viewed from the front. The angle of the pasterns is 15 degrees forward from vertical.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly sloping forward in an angle of approximately 15° to the vertical.

FEET

:
UKC
Cat-like, well knuckled up, with thick pads.
KC
Thick, well-knuckled, very tight, turning neither in nor out. Pads hard. Nails hard.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Straight, cat feet, well knuckled up with thick pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strongly muscled, width and bone comparable to forequarters. Dewclaws on hind legs customarily removed.
UKC
The hindquarters are strongly muscled, with width and bone that is comparable to the forequarters.
KC
Strong and muscular, with moderate angulation. Well developed thighs, strong hocks, well let down turning neither in nor out.

Thigh

:
FCI
Strong, well developed, parallel when viewed from behind.

Stifle

:
FCI
Moderately bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thighs are well developed. There is moderate angulation at the stifle. The hocks are well let down. Dewclaws on the rear legs are generally removed.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Well let down, turning neither in nor out.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Powerful, covering ground with moderate reach and drive. Hindlegs move in line with forelegs. Back remaining strong, firm and level.
UKC
Brisk and powerful. with strides of moderate length. Back remains firm, strong and level. Rear legs move in line with front legs.
KC
Vigorous, powerful and fluent with strides of moderate length. Back remains firm and level. Hindlegs move in line with front legs, whilst gaiting may single track.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Double-coat. Undercoat thick, soft, dense and shorter than outer coat. Outer coat straight, harsh/stiff and standing somewhat off body. Hair on head, lower legs and ears short. Length of hair at withers and croup approximately 5 cm, which is slightly longer than on rest of body, except tail, where coat is longest and most profuse.
UKC
The Akita has a double coat, with a thick, short undercoat and a straight, harsh outer coat that stands somewhat off the body. The hair on the head, lower legs and ears is short. The coat over the withers and croup is slightly longer than on the rest of the body, and on the tail it is longest and most profuse.
KC
Outer coat coarse, straight, and standing off body. Undercoat soft and dense. Coat at withers and rump is approximately 5 cms (2 ins), slightly longer than on rest of body more profuse on tail. No indication of ruff or feathering.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Any colour like red, fawn, white, etc; or even pinto and brindle. Colours are brilliant and clear, and markings are well balanced, with or without mask or blaze. White dogs (solid in colour) have no mask. Pinto have a white ground colour with large, evenly placed patches covering head and more than one-third of body. Undercoat may have a different colour from the outer-coat.
UKC
Any color including white. Colors are brilliant and clear, and markings are well balanced, with or without a mask or blaze. White Akitas have no mask. Pintos have a white background with large, evenly-placed patches covering the head and more than one-third of the body. Undercoat may be a different color than outer coat.
KC
Any colour including white brindle or pinto. Colours are brilliant and clear. Markings are well defined with or without mask or blaze.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers: dogs: 66-71 cms (26-28 ins); bitches: 61-66 cms (24-26 ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI
For males 66 to 71 cm (26-28 inches), for bitches 61 to 66 cm (24-26 inches).
UKC
Males, 26 to 28 inches at withers. Females, 24 to 26 inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Feminine dogs, masculine bitches.
  • Narrow or snipey head.
  • Any missing tooth (except 2 of the PM1 and/or M3).
  • Blue or black spotted tongue.
  • Light eyes.
  • Short tail.
  • In or out at elbows.
  • Any indication of ruff or feathering.
  • Shyness or viciousness.
UKC
Forelegs: Elbows in or out. Loose shoulders.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Light in substance.
  • Light bone.
UKC
Body: Light bone. Rangy body.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Totally unpigmented nose. A nose with unpigmented areas (Butterfly nose).
  • Drop, hanging or folded ears.
  • Under- or overshot bite.
  • Sickle or uncurled tail.
  • Dogs under 63,5 cm (25 inches), bitches under 58,5 cm (23 inches).
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Overshot or undershot bite. Pink noses, eyelids, or rims, butterfly nose. Excessive entropion or ectropion. Drop or broken ears. Uncurled or sickle tail. Altering of coat or general appearance by clipping or scissoring. Albinism.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Eyes: Excessive entropion or ectropion.
Nose: Pink noses, eyelids, or rims, butterfly nose.
Ears: Drop or broken ears.
Tail: Uncurled or sickle tail.
Coat: Altering of coat or general appearance by clipping or scissoring.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.