Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Akita

Japanese Akita Inu


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Japan.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.03.2001.
KC
November 2011

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 5Asian Spitz and related breeds
Without working trial

KC
Utility

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Originally Japanese dogs were small to medium in size and no large breeds existed. Since 1603 in the Akita region, Akita Matagis (medium-sized bear-hunting dogs) were used as fighting dogs. From 1868 Akita Matagis were crossed with Tosas and Mastiffs. Consequently, the size of this breed increased but characteristics associated with Spitz type were lost.
In 1908 dog fighting was prohibited, but this breed was nevertheless preserved and improved as a large Japanese breed. As a result, nine superior examples of this breed were designated as « Natural Monuments » in 1931.
During World War II (1939-1945), it was common to use dogs as a source of fur for military garments. The police ordered the capture and confiscation of all dogs other than German Shepherd Dogs used for military purposes. Some fanciers tried to circumvent the order by crossbreeding their dogs with German Shepherd Dogs.
When World War II ended, Akitas had been drastically reduced in number and existed as three distinct types; 1) Matagi Akitas, 2) fighting Akitas, and 3) Shepherd Akitas. This created a very confusing situation in the breed.
During the restoration process of the pure breed after the war., Kongo-go, a dog of the Dewa line, which exhibited characteristics of the Mastiff and German Shepherd
However, sensible learned fanciers did not approve of this type as a proper Japanese breed, so they made efforts to eliminate the strain old foreign breeds by crossbreeding with Matagi Akitas for the purpose of restoring the original pure breed. They succeeded in stabilizing the pure strain of large sized breed as known today.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Large-sized dog, sturdily built, well balanced and with much substance ; secondary sex characteristics strongly marked, with high nobility and dignity in modesty ; constitution tough.
KC
Large, well-balanced, sturdily built dog of Spitz type. Very slightly longer than high.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The ratio of height at withers to length of body ( from the point of the shoulders to the point of the buttock) is 10 11, but the body is slightly longer in bitches than in dogs.
KC
Alert and agile. Thick triangular ears, pricked and inclined forward. Dark eyes, set and shaped to give a distinctive appearance. Stand off coat with brilliant colours and defined markings. Tightly curled tail.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The temperament is composed, faithful, docile and receptive.
KC
Dignified and composed with a courageous character.

HEAD

:
KC
When viewed from the front the head appears rounded due to well developed cheeks. From above, the head appears as a blunt triangle. Broad skull, flat and free from wrinkle. Defined stop and distinct furrow. Muzzle straight, of good depth, tapering gradually. Skull to muzzle proportions 3:2. Nose large and black except in white dogs where flesh coloured is acceptable. Lips tight with dark pigment.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
The size is in proportion to the body. The forehead is broad, with distinct furrow. No wrinkle.

Stop

:
FCI
Defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Large and black. Slight and diffuse lack of pigment accepted in white dogs only, but black is always preferred.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Moderately long and strong with broad base, tapering but not pointed. Nasal bridge straight.
KC
Strong jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Full dentition and well developed teeth.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth strong with scissor bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Moderately developed.

Eyes

:
FCI
Relatively small, almost triangular in shape due to the rising of the outer eye corner, set moderately apart, dark brown the darker, the better.
KC
Placed moderately apart, relatively small, almond shaped, dark brown and obliquely set. Eye rims dark and tight.

Ears

:
FCI
Relatively small, thick, triangular, slightly rounded at tips, set moderately apart, pricked and inclining forward.
KC
Thick, triangular and slightly hooded, with rounded tips. Proportionately small, set moderately well apart, pricked and inclining forward. Closely following the line of the back of the neck.

NECK

:
FCI
Thick and muscular, without dewlap, in balance with head.
KC
Thick and muscular, of moderate length, without dewlap. Pronounced crest blending with back of skull.

BODY

:
KC
Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly greater than height at withers, as 11:10. Females may be slightly longer. Strong, level back. Chest deep with well developed forechest. Moderately sprung ribcage with well defined tuck up. Short coupled with a broad and muscular loin.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and strong.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and muscular.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, forechest well developed, ribs moderately well sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well drawn up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, thick, carried vigorously curled over back ; the tip nearly reaching hocks when let down.
KC
Set high. Thick, full and of good length. Tightly curled over the back. Uncurled tail highly undesirable.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders moderately laid back with well developed muscles. Elbows set close to chest. Forelegs well boned and straight when viewed from the front. Pasterns slightly sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Moderately sloping and developed.

Elbow

:
FCI
Tight.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight and heavy-boned.

FEET

:
KC
Round, arched and tight with thick pads. Turning neither in nor out.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Thick, round, arched and tight.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Well developed, strong and moderately angulated.
KC
Strong and muscular with moderate angulation. Well developed thighs. Moderate turn of stifle. Strong hocks, turning neither in nor out.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Resilient and powerful movement.
KC
Moderate strides that demonstrate an efficient, rhythmic and resilient gait, converging towards the centre line at speed. Stilted gait undesirable.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Outer coat harsh and straight, undercoat soft and dense ; the withers and the rump are covered with slightly longer hair ; the hair on tail is longer than on the rest of the body.
KC
Outer coat course, stand-off and straight. Slightly longer at withers and rump. More profuse on tail. Undercoat soft and dense. No indication of ruff or feathering.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Red fawn, sesame (red fawn hairs with black tips), brindle and white. All the above mentioned colours except white must have « urajiro ».
(Urajiro = whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheeks, on the underside of jaw, neck, chest, body and tail and on the inside of the legs).
KC
Red fawn; Sesame (red fawn hairs with black tips); Brindle; White. All the foregoing colours, except white, must have ‘urajiro’ markings, which may be less visible on the brindle, where it may be a greyish frosted overlay of the main coat colour. (Urajiro – whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheeks, on the undersides of jaw, neck, chest, body and tail, and on the inside of the legs). The urajiro markings must blend in gradually with the main coat colour and not extend above the elbow or hock. White markings in the main body coat are undesirable.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers: dogs 64-70cms (25 ¼-27 ½ ins); bitches 58-64 cms (22 ¾-25 ¼ ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 67 cm, bitches 61 cm.
There is a tolerance of 3 cm more or less.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Bitchy dogs / doggy bitches.
  • Undershot or overshot mouth.
  • Missing teeth.
  • Blue or black spotted tongue.
  • Iris light in colour.
  • Short tail.
  • Shyness.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Ears not pricked.
  • Hanging tail.
  • Long hair (shaggy).
  • Black mask.
  • Markings on white ground.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.