Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Airedale Terrier

Airedale Terrier

Airedale Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
08.10.2012.
KC
December 2011

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 1Large and medium-sized Terriers
Working trial optional

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Airedale Terrier is a native of Great Britain, from the county of Yorkshire, it is reputed that the Airedale Show gave the breed its name. Many ‘Waterside Terriers’ from the valleys of the rivers Wharfe, Calder and Aire were exhibited at this show, making up a large entry. He is the largest of all the terrier breeds and encompasses all the characteristics of this group of dogs, he is also known as the King of Terriers.
The Airedale Terrier has remarkable scenting powers and has been used in Africa, India and Canada for tracking, has aided the Red Cross in times of war and has seen service with police and in the armed forces of both Britain and Russia.
UKC
The Airedale is the largest of all the Terrier breeds. Its origins date back to the mid-1800s, when authorities on the breed believe it was developed as a result of a cross of the Otterhound and the now-extinct Black & Tan Terrier. They were developed in the valley of the River Aire in south Yorkshire, England. These early crosses were called Working, Waterside or Bingley Terriers. They were used for hunting fox, badger, weasel, otter and river rats, plus other small game. The patriarch of the breed is considered to be CH Master Briar (1897-1906). Two of his sons, Crompton Marvel and Monarch, also made important contributions to the breed. The latter was imported to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Airedale Terrier was recognized by United Kennel Club in 1914.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Largest of the Terriers, a muscular, active, fairly cobby dog, without suspicion of legginess or undue length of body.
KC
Largest of the Terriers, a muscular, active, fairly cobby dog, without suspicion of legginess or undue length of body.
UKC
The Airedale is the largest of all Terriers, and was bred as a hunting and working dog. The breed is well proportioned and somewhat cobby, without exaggeration of leg or body length. It has a harsh, tight coat that is black and tan in color and a moderately long, erect, docked tail. Considered the King of Terriers, it is now used for multiple purposes, from police work to family pet. All characteristics related to the breed’s versatility are to be maintained.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Keen of expression, quick of movement, on the tiptoe of expectation at any movement. Character denoted and shown by expression of eyes, and by carriage of ears and erect tail.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Keen of expression, quick of movement, on the tiptoe of expectation at any movement. Character denoted and shown by expression of eyes, and by carriage of ears and erect tail. Outgoing and confident, friendly, courageous and intelligent. Alert at all times, not aggressive but fearless.
KC
Outgoing and confident, friendly, courageous and intelligent. Alert at all times, not aggressive but fearless.
UKC
Airedales are above all fearless, and majestic in appearance. Their courage is unquestioned, but they are not quarrelsome. The Airedale’s proud character is denoted in the carriage of ears and tail. They have quick movement and are always ready for action. They are alert and are a good protection and family dog.

HEAD

:
FCI
Well balanced, with no apparent difference in length between skull and foreface. Free from wrinkles.
KC
Skull long and flat, not too broad between ears, and narrowing slightly to eyes. Well balanced, with no apparent difference in length between skull and foreface. Free from wrinkles, with stop hardly visible; cheeks level and free from fullness. Foreface well filled up before eyes, not dish-faced or falling away quickly below eyes, but a delicate chiselling prevents appearance of wedginess or plainness. Upper and lower jaws deep, powerful, strong and muscular, as strength of foreface is greatly desired. No excess development of the jaws to give a rounded or bulging appearance to the cheeks, as ‘cheekiness’ is undesirable. Lips tight, nose black.
UKC
Well balanced, with skull and muzzle of equal length and a barely visible stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Long and flat, not too broad between ears and narrowing slightly to eyes.
UKC
The skull should be long, flat and not too broad, tapering in width slightly towards the eye. The scalp is free of wrinkles.

Stop

:
FCI
Hardly visible.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
Black. Not too small.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Foreface well filled up before eyes, not dish-faced or falling away quickly below eyes, but a delicate chiselling prevents appearance of wedginess or plainness.
KC
Teeth strong. Jaws strong. Scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws preferable, but vice-like bite acceptable. An overshot or undershot mouth undesirable.
UKC
The foreface should be deep and powerful, well filled below the eyes but delicately chiseled to prevent plainness. The lips are tight.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Upper and lower jaws deep, powerful, strong and muscular, as strength of foreface is greatly desired. No excess development in the jaws to give a rounded or bulging appearance to the cheeks. Teeth strong. Scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws preferable, but vice-like bite acceptable. An overshot or undershot mouth undesirable.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a close scissors bite. A level bite is acceptable but not preferred.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Level and free from fullness. “Cheekiness” is undesired.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark in colour, relatively small, not prominent, full of terrier expression, keenness and intelligence. Light or bold eye highly undesirable.
KC
Dark in colour, relatively small, not prominent, full of terrier expression, keeness and intelligence. Light or bold eye highly undesirable.
UKC
Dark and small, not prominent. Full of keenness, intelligence and terrier expression. Light or bold eyes are highly undesirable.

Ears

:
FCI
« V »-shaped with a side carriage, small but not out of proportion to size of dog. Top line of folded ear slightly above level of skull. Pendulous ears or ears set too high undesirable.
KC
V-shaped with a side carriage, small but not out of proportion to size of dog. Top line of folded ear slightly above level of skull. Pendulous ears or ears set too high undesirable.
UKC
V-shaped, small, but in proportion to the size of the dog. The topline of the folded ear should be above the level of the skull. Carriage is to the side of the head, not pointed toward the eye.

NECK

:
FCI
Clean, muscular, of moderate length and thickness, gradually widening towards shoulders, and free from throatiness.
KC
Clean, muscular, of moderate length and thickness, gradually widening towards shoulders, and free from throatiness.
UKC
Of moderate length and thickness, clean at the throat, widening gradually towards the body.

BODY

:
KC
Back short, strong, straight and level, showing no slackness. Loins muscular. Ribs well sprung. In short-coupled and well ribbed-up dogs there is little space between ribs and hips. When dog is long in couplings some slackness will be shown here. Chest deep (i.e. approximately level with elbows) but not broad.
UKC
Chest is deep but not too broad. The back is short, strong and level. The ribs are well sprung. Loin is short, broad and muscular, giving little space between the last rib and the hip joint.

Back

:
FCI
Short, strong, straight and level, showing no slackness.

Loin

:
FCI
Muscular. In short-coupled and well ribbed-up dogs there is little space between ribs and hips. When dog is long in couplings some slackness will be shown here.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep (i.e. approximately level with the elbows) but not broad. Ribs well sprung.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked.
Docked: Set on high and carried gaily, not curled over back. Good strength and substance. Tip approximately at same height as top of skull.
Undocked: Set on high and carried gaily. Good strength and substance.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Set on high and carried gaily, not curled over back. Good strength and substance. Tip approximately at the same height as top of skull. Undocked: Set on high and carried gaily. Good strength and substance.
UKC
The tail is customarily docked to a fair length. It is of good strength and substance and is carried high.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders long, well laid back, sloping obliquely, shoulder blades flat. Forelegs perfectly straight, with good bone. Elbows perpendicular to body, working free of sides.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long, flat and well laid back.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long, well laid back, sloping obliquely. Shoulder-blades flat.

Elbow

:
FCI
Perpendicular to body, working free of sides.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are perfectly straight with plenty of muscle and bone. The elbows are perpendicular to the body, working free of the sides.

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs perfectly straight, with good bone.

FEET

:
KC
Small, round and compact, with a good depth of pad, well cushioned, and toes moderately arched, turning neither in nor out.
UKC
The feet are small, round and compact. They have a good depth of pad, and the toes are moderately arched.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small, round and compact, with a good depth of pad, well cushioned, and toes moderately arched, turning neither in nor out.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
KC
Thighs long and powerful with muscular second thigh, stifles well bent, turned neither in nor out. Hocks well let down, parallel with each other when viewed from behind.
UKC
Well angulated, with long, muscular thighs.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long and powerful.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent, turned neither in nor out.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Well bent at the stifle, with short rear pasterns that are parallel when viewed from behind.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Muscular.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Hocks well let down, parallel with each other when viewed from behind.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Legs carried straight forward. Forelegs move freely, parallel to the sides. When approaching, forelegs should form a continuation of the straight line of the front, feet being same distance apart as elbows.
Propulsive power is furnished by hindlegs.
KC
Legs carried straight forward. Forelegs move freely, parallel to the sides. When approaching, forelegs should form a continuation of the straight line of the front, feet being same distance apart as elbows. Propulsive power is furnished by hindlegs.
UKC
Movement is free. When viewed from the front, the forelegs should swing perpendicular from the body and free from the sides with the feet the same distance apart as the elbows. When viewed from the rear, the hind legs should be parallel with each other.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Hard, dense and wiry, not so long as to appear ragged. Lying straight and close, covering body and legs; outer coat hard, wiry and stiff, undercoat shorter and softer. Hardest coats are crinkling or just slightly waved; curly or soft coat highly undesirable.
KC
Hard, dense and wiry, not so long as to appear ragged. Lying straight and close, covering body and legs; outer coat hard, wiry and stiff, undercoat shorter and softer. Hardest coats are crinkling or just slightly waved; curly or soft coat highly undesirable.
UKC
The outer coat is moderate in length, hard, dense and wiry. It is straight and close, covering the dog over the body and legs. Some of the hardest coats are crinkling or just slightly waved. Undercoat is short and soft.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Body saddle black or grizzle as is top of the neck and top surface of tail. All other parts tan. Ears often a darker tan, and shading may occur round neck and side of skull. A few white hairs between forelegs acceptable.
KC
Body saddle black or grizzle as is top of the neck and top surface of tail. All other parts tan. Ears often a darker tan, and shading may occur round neck and side of skull. A few white hairs between forelegs acceptable.
UKC
Body saddle, back of neck and top side of tail are black or grizzled. All other parts are tan. Ears may be a darker tan that the rest of the head and shadings may occur around the neck and the sides of the skull. A small white blaze on the chest is acceptable.

SIZE

:
KC
Height about 58-61 cms (23-24 ins) for dogs, taken from top of shoulder, and bitches about 56-59 cms (22-23 ins).
UKC
Males 23-24 inches at the shoulder. Females, slightly smaller. Both sexes are sturdy, well muscled and well boned. Weight is commensurate with height.

Height at withers

:
FCI

About 58 - 61 cms for males.
About 56 - 59 cms for females.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Ears: Pendulous, hound type ears, or ears too high set.
Hind Legs: Stifles turned in or out.
Feet: Toes turned in or out.
Tail: Tail curled over the back.
Coat: Soft, curly or ragged outer coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Artificial coloring. Artificial stiffening of the hair coat. Albinism.
Color: Artificial coloring. Artificial stiffening of the hair coat.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.