Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Atlas Mountain Dog (Aidi)

(Chien de Montagne de l’Atlas - Aïdi)

Aidi

(Atlas Mountain Dog)


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Morocco.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
25.03.2003.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Guarding and protecting his master’s flocks and belongings.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.2Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
Without working trial

UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs Pamela Jeans-Brown. Revised by R.Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Atlas dog has existed since time immemorial in the mountains and on the plateaux of North Africa. At present it can be found in large numbers in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco, the country which holds the breed standard.
The Atlas Mountain Dog is closely linked to the semi-nomadic pastoral populations of the mountaneous regions and has the clear role of defending its masters’ tent and belongings as well as protecting the flocks from wild beasts which might attack them.
There are no sheepdogs in the Atlas region. The Moroccan dog which lives in our mountains has never guarded flocks in the European sense of the world (herding flocks).
UKC
The Atlas dog has existed for many centuries in the mountains and on the plateaus of North Africa. It can currently be found in large numbers in the mountains of Morocco, where it is used by the semi-nomadic people of the mountainous regions as a guard dog. The breed has never been used in the traditional flock herding sense. The Atlas Mountain Dog was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Solid, very hardy dog, noted for its power and mobility; it is well-muscled, sinewy, strongly built but not cumbersome and possessing a thick bushy coat which protects it equally from the sun and from the cold of its native mountains. This fleece provides a protective armour in the fights which the Atlas dog has to undertake against jackals and other predators.
It has a lively, direct and decided gaze as befits an alert dog always ready to fulfil its guarding role. In some regions of Marocco it is customary to crop the ears and even dock the tail of working dogs.
UKC
Solid and powerful, yet sinewy and never cumbersome, the Atlas Mountain Dog possesses a thick, bushy coat that protects it from sun and cold and provides a protective armor in the fights that it must engage in with predators.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Length of body (point of shoulder-point of buttock) / size (height at withers) 10 : 9
Depth of chest / size (height at withers) 1 : 2
Length of muzzle / length of head 11 : 24
Length of skull / breadth of skull 1 : 1

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Very faithful, affectionate and docile with its owner and family members, the Atlas Dog displays inherent guarding and remarkable protective behaviour. Always alert, it instinctively measures the gravity and proximity of any danger and fearlessly provides an appropriate and efficient response.
UKC
Always alert and very instinctive in assessing the threat of danger, the Atlas dog has inherent guarding and protective behavior. The breed is very docile and affectionate with its family.

HEAD

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FCI
A strong, broad head, well-proportioned in relation to the whole body, its general shape is conical; the head is free from wrinkles and has no prominent muscles; the cheek-bones are not chiselled and link the skull to the muzzle on the same plane without a break.
UKC
Strong, broad and conical in shape, with no wrinkles. The cheekbones are not chiseled, and there is no indention on the sides of the head at the juncture of the skull and muzzle. The stop is slight and sloping.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
The skull is flat and broad; a slight frontal groove appears and the occipital protuberance, although present, is scarcely perceptible.
UKC
Flat and broad, as long as it is wide. There is a slight frontal groove and the occipital bone is not prominent.

Stop

:
FCI
Only slightly pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

:
FCI
Black or brown in harmony with coat colour, it is reasonably broad with open nostrils.
UKC
Broad with open nostrils. Fully pigmented, either black or brown depending on the color of the coat.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Conical like the rest of the head; it is appreciably less long than the skull; the stop is sloping and not very defined.
UKC
Shorter than the skull, with thin, tight pigmented lips that are black or brown depending on the color of the coat.

Lips

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FCI
Thin, tight, black or brown according to coat colour.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Jaws: Strong, armed with well-set, powerful, white, regular teeth.
Teeth: The bite is pincer (edge to edge incisors). Scissor-bite or reverse scissor-bite without loss of contact between the incisors is tolerated.
UKC
The Atlas Mountain Dog has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting ideally in a level bite. Scissors or reverse scissors, without loss of contact, are acceptable.

Eyes

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FCI
Moderate size, dark shade, varying with the coat colour, from dark amber to golden brown. Slightly oblique and well-pigmented, the eye-lids appear painted on light-coloured coats. The gaze is very alert, attentive and scrutinising.
UKC
Moderate size and varying in color from amber through brown depending on the color of the coat. Expression is very direct.

Ears

:
FCI
Medium length with slightly rounded tips, the ears are set obliquely so as to leave the skull clear; they are carried half-dropped, raised forward when alert and sometimes carried back when in repose.
UKC
Medium length with slightly rounded tips, set on the side of the head and carried semi-prick. May be thrown back in the ruff when in repose.

NECK

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FCI
Powerful, well-muscled, without dewlap.
UKC
Well muscled and free of throatiness.

BODY

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UKC
Longer than tall in a ratio of 10:9. The chest is deep, reaching at least to the elbow, and only moderate in width. The back is broad and well muscled, of reasonable length, and the topline must show a slight dip behind the withers, without being sway backed. The loin is slightly arched and the croup slopes gently. The underline is gently tucked up but without exaggeration.

Topline

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FCI
The topline must show a slightly dipping profile, without being sway-backed.

Back

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FCI
Broad, well-muscled back of reasonable length, followed by powerful, very muscled and slightly arching loin.

Croup

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FCI
Harmoniously sloping.

Chest

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FCI
Adequate width, long and well let-down, reaching at least as far as the elbows, slightly rounded rib-cage.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Rising behind the false ribs without being whippety.

TAIL

:
FCI
Long, reaching at least to the hocks, it is set on the extension of the line of croup, carried low, scimitar fashion in repose. The tail is very bushy and the richness of the plume denotes pure breeding. On the move, the dog carries its tail much more gaily. The tail should never be permanently carried curled over the back.
UKC
Set on low and reaching at least to the hock joint, the tail is carried low in repose but much more gaily when the dog is on the move, however it should never be permanently curled over the back. The richness of the tail plume denotes pure breeding.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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UKC
Angulation of the shoulder blade and upper arm is approximately 100 degrees.

Shoulder

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FCI
Oblique, withers distinctly defined, scapulo-humeral angle of about 100 degrees.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Strong upper arm, muscled, oblique and close to chest.

FORELEGS

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UKC
Straight and solid with moderate muscle and short, nearly vertical pasterns. Length of leg from elbow to ground is one-half the height at the withers.

Forearm

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FCI
Straight forearm, solidly constructed and moderately well-muscled.

FEET

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UKC
Practically round, with solid pads and nails that are black or brown depending on the coat color.

Forefeet

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FCI
Practically round, with solid pads and strong nails whose colour depends upon coat colour.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

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UKC
The angles at the stifle and hock are obtuse, which raises the croup and gives the dip behind the withers.

Thigh

:
FCI
Hips and thighs. The iliac wing is very pronounced, the thighs are well-muscled without being overloaded and quite well let-down.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The thighs are well muscled.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
The angles at stifle and hock are obtuse, which raises the croup and gives this dipping appearance towards the withers.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short and almost vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Walk, trot, gallop no hackney action and with sufficient reach. Natural gait Short, fast trot, single-tracking. At this pace the Atlas Dog seems tireless.
UKC
A tireless, single tracking trot, with reasonable reach and the feet kept close to the ground.

SKIN

:
FCI
Supple and resistant.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
Thick, rather harsh, half-long, about 6 cm long apart from on the face and ears where it is short and finer. On the neck and under the throat, it forms a mane, especially in males. The breeches and tail are covered with well-furnished and very long hairs.
UKC
Thick and rather harsh except on the face and ears where it is short and fine. Moderate length on the body, with a distinct mane, especially in males, and long breeches and tail plume.

COLOUR

:
FCI

The coat colour is very variable.
Fawn From washed sand to deep red. These coats can be brindled, with black overlay or carrying a mantle of any hue. This mantle can be widely spread.
Brown From beige to burned bread shade. The lightest tones can have a deeper brown mantle.
Black.
All these coats can be spotted with white, the spots can go from a few discreet marks to a complete covering (white coat). The lips and nose must always be strongly pigmented black or brown (depending on coat colour).
Harlequin, blue, isabella are not acceptable.
UKC
Extremely variable. Black. Fawn - ranging from pale sand to deep red, with or without sable or brindle markings. Brown - ranging from beige to deep, dark brown, with the lighter shades sometimes mantled in deep brown. All of these colors may be spotted with white to any degree.

SIZE

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Height at withers

:
FCI
52 - 62 cm.
UKC
Ideal height at the withers for both males and females is from 20½ inches to 24½ inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Cobby appearance.
Fleshy head.
Narrow skull.
Ears short or too long.
Lack of or excessive stop.
Shifty, wild or expressionless gaze.
Dudley-nosed or lack of pigmentation on eyelids or nose.
Poor upright stance.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Pointed muzzle.
Hawk eye – bird of prey eye.
Ears permanently pricked.
Undershot or overshot jaw with lack of contact.
Tail permanently curled over.
Insufficient plume.
Short coat.
Colour Harlequin, blue, isabella.
Cryptorchid mono or bilateral.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Tail permanently curled over the back. Lack of tail plume. Undershot or overshot without contact. Prick ears. Bird of prey eye. Harlequin, blue or Isabella. Distinctly short coat.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot without contact.
Eyes: Bird of prey eye.
Ears: Prick ears.
Tail: Tail permanently curled over the back. Lack of tail plume.
Coat: Distinctly short coat.
Color: Harlequin, blue or Isabella.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.