Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Affenpinscher

Affenpinscher

Affenpinscher


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
26.03.2009.
KC
September 2012

UTILISATION

:
FCI
House and Companion Dog

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 1.1Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Pinscher
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Originally used as a housedog in the region of Southern Germany. His ancestors were depicted by Albrecht Dürer (1471 – 1528) in his woodcuts. First entries of Affenpinscher go back to the year 1879. These Toy dogs were very popular around the turn of the century, they evolved from the rough coated Pinschers. The harsh ring of hair around the head emphasised the monkey-like expression. The colours ranged from self coloured yellowish, reddish or grey-white to dark grey, black-grey and pure black.
UKC
Although the Affenpinscher has been well known in Europe as far back as the 17th Century, it is relatively unknown in America. Germany is generally accepted as its country of origin. The breed was used to control rodents. It is one of the source breeds of the more popular, and similar, Brussels Griffon. The Affenpinscher is a bright, alert little dog, very much a miniature terrier in conformation and temperament. Its bushy eyebrows and whiskers, short and rather pointed nose and keen, mischievous expression have earned him the nickname of “Monkey Dog.” In fact, in German “Affenpinscher” means “monkey-like terrier.” The Affenpinscher was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1957.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Affenpinscher is rough haired, small and compact with a monkey-like expression.
KC
Rough-coated, sturdy in build with a mischievous monkey-like expression. Although small, not delicate in any way.
UKC
The total, overall appearance of the Affenpinscher is to be considered more important than any individual characteristic. It is a small, balanced, wiry-haired, toy-type dog; with an intelligence and demeanor making it a good house dog. Body proportions give a square appearance. The height, measured at the withers, is approximately the same as the body length, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttocks.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The ratio of length to height shall make his build appear as square as possible.
KC
Lively and self-confident, carrying itself with a comic seriousness.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Fearless, alert, persistent and devoted, sometimes full of quick-tempered passion. He is an agreeable family dog in all aspects.
KC
Loyal and loving companion; watchful of strangers and fearless toward aggressors.
UKC
The Affenpinscher is not delicate in any way, being sturdy and compact, with medium bone. The breed is game, alert and inquisitive, displaying great loyalty and affection toward master and friends. They are generally quiet, but can become vehemently excited when threatened or attacked; and are fearless toward any aggressor.

HEAD

:
KC
Fairly small in proportion to body; domed forehead, broad brow and marked stop which is not indented. Muzzle blunt and short but not flattened sufficiently to cause difficulty in breathing or wrinkling of skin. Wide open nostrils. Chin prominent with good turn up. Distance between dark eyes and black nose forming an equal sided triangle.
UKC
The head is carried confidently upright and is in proportion to the body. It has the characteristic monkey-like expression.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Round rather than elongated, altogether not too heavy, high domed with pronounced forehead.
UKC
Round, not long, domed and has a prominent forehead. The stop is clearly defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Clearly defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Noseleather round, full and black. Well opened nostrils.
UKC
The black nose is not obviously turned up nor down.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Short and straight, not curved upwards. Bridge of nose straight
KC
Slightly undershot. Broad lower jaw with incisors in a straight line. Teeth or tongue not showing when the mouth is closed.
UKC
Short and straight, with no upward curve, and a straight bridge. The lips are black and tight-fitting. The lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw and is slightly turned upward.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight-fitting to the jaws. Lips are black.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Complete (42 teeth) set of pure white teeth. The lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw and is slightly turned upwards. The incisors in a healthy mouth are set as regularly as possible in a slightly rounded row. The canines and the incisors must not be visible when the mouth is closed, neither must the Affenpinscher show his tongue when the mouth is closed. The lack of two of the PM1, PM2 or PM3, or a combination of two of these teeth is tolerated.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a close undershot bite. A level bite is acceptable as long as the monkey-like expression is maintained. The teeth and tongue must not show when the mouth is closed. The bottom jaw should be broad enough for the teeth to sit in a slightly rounded straight row. Two missing teeth are not faulty.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark, rather round and full. Black pigmented, close fitting eyelids, framed by a circle of harsh hair.
KC
Round, very dark and sparkling. Medium in size and not protruding.
UKC
The full, round eyes are dark and brilliant. They are of medium size and in proportion to the head; never bulging or protruding. Eye rims are black.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on high, carried evenly, turned forward. V-shaped, the inner edges lying close to the head. Prick ears should be small, evenly erect and carried as upright as possible.
KC
Small, set high, either drop or erect.
UKC
The ears are V-shaped and set high. They may be left natural or cropped to a point, as long as they are symmetrical. If natural, they may stand erect, semi-erect or dropped. If cropped, they stand erect.

NECK

:
FCI
Straight, strong, rather short with strong set on. Throat skin tight fitting without folds.
KC
Short and straight. Skin of throat tight and unwrinkled.
UKC
The short, straight neck is carried upright, and is free from throatiness.

BODY

:
FCI
Strong, square and compact.
KC
Back short and straight. Height at withers about equal to length of body measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock. Well sprung ribs with chest not too deep, combined with only a slight tuck-up at loin giving a sturdy appearance.
UKC
The topline is strong, straight and slightly sloping down from high withers. The back is short and straight. The moderately broad chest is deep to the level of the elbow and the ribs are only slightly flattened. The underline is slightly tucked up at the short loin.

Topline

:
FCI
Slightly sloping in an almost straight line from the withers towards the rear .

Withers

:
FCI
Forming the highest point of topline.

Back

:
FCI
Strong, short and taut.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and strong. The distance from last rib to hip is short to make the dog appear compact.

Croup

:
FCI
Short, slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into the tail set on.

Chest

:
FCI
Only slightly flattened at sides, moderately broad, reaching to beyond the level of the elbows.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Belly moderately tucked up. Underline and topline (from withers to tail set on) are more or less parallel.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.
KC
Set high and carried high, left a natural length to curve gently over back when moving.
UKC
The tail may be left natural or docked. The natural tail is carried curved gently over the back when the dog is in motion. The docked tail is set high and carried erect. It is generally docked to be between one and three inches in length.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Front legs sturdy, straight, parallel and not close together.
KC
Front legs straight, elbows neither in nor out, carried close to sides.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long, flat and sloping. Upper arm is muscular and lies close to the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well muscled. The shoulder blade is long, sloping (at an angle of appr. 45° ) and flat.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Lying close to the body, strong and muscular.

Elbow

:
FCI
Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Strong and straight when viewed from any direction. The elbows are held close to the body. The pasterns are straight slightly sloping. Dewclaws are generally removed from the forelegs.

Forearm

:
FCI
Strongly developed. Straight when seen from any direction.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Firm and strong.

Pastern

:
FCI
Vertical seen from the front, slightly sloping towards the ground when seen from the side. Strongly developed and muscled.

FEET

:
KC
Small, round and compact turning neither in nor out. Pads and nails dark.
UKC
Forefeet are short and round with tightly knit, well-arched toes. Hind feet are somewhat longer than forefeet. The pads are tough and the nails are short and black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Short and round. Toes well-knit and arched (cat feet), pads resistant, nails short, strong and black.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Somewhat longer than forefeet. Toes well-knit and arched. Nails short and black.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from side, standing obliquely with moderate angulation. Seen from rear, parallel.
KC
Hindlegs well set under body without excessive angulation.
UKC
Angulation in the hindquarters is moderate.

Thigh

:
FCI
Strongly muscled, broad.

Stifle

:
FCI
Turning neither in nor out.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
When viewed from the rear, the legs, including the rear pasterns, are straight. When viewed from the side, the hind legs are set under the body, maintaining the square appearance. The upper and lower thighs are strongly muscled and long. The stifle and hock joints both have moderate angulation. Dewclaws are generally removed from the hind legs.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long and strong.

Hock

:
FCI
Moderately angulated.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Vertical to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Relaxed, fluent, mincing with moderate drive from the hindquarters. Seen from the front and the rear, straight forward and parallel.
KC
A lively, strutting movement. Lifting feet high when in motion, with no hint of hackneyed action or plaiting.
UKC
The breed’s characteristic gait is relaxed, fluid and slightly mincing, with moderate drive from the rear. The legs move straight and parallel.

SKIN

:
FCI
Close fitting over the whole body.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The body coat should be harsh and dense. The head is typically adorned by bushy, bristly eyebrows and wreath-like hair surrounding the eyes, by an impressive beard, by the top knot and by the hair on the cheeks. The coat on the head should be as hard, straggly and sticking out as possible. It contributes essentially to the monkey-like general expression.
KC
Correct coat needs no trimming, rough and harsh in texture, short and dense on some parts of body and shaggy on others. In particular, longer on shoulders, neck and head where loose shaggy hair stands away from skull framing eyes, nose and chin giving desired monkey-like appearance.
UKC
The hair is dense, rough and harsh-textured. It is approximately one inch in length on the shoulders, body and back; shorter on the rear and tail; and longer, shaggier, and less harsh on the neck, chest, stomach and legs. In a mature dog, the hair on the neck and chest may be longer, forming a cape. The monkey-like expression is maintained by the longer hair on the head, eyebrows and beard.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Pure black with black undercoat.
KC
Black. Grey shading permissible.
UKC
Color is not a major consideration. Acceptable colors include: black, silver, gray, black and tan (with symmetrical markings), and red. Red may vary from a brownish-red to an orangey-tan. Some black coats may have a rusty cast, or have white or silver hairs mixed in the coat with the tan markings in a black and tan. A small white spot or a line of white hairs on the chest are not to be penalized. Serious Fault: Large white patches.

SIZE

:
KC
Height 24-28 cms (9 ½ -11 ins).
UKC
Height is measured at the withers. The acceptable height range, for both sexes, is between 9 and 11½ inches. Weight ranges from 8 ½ to 13 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 25 to 30 cm

Weight

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches appr. 4 to 6 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Clumsy, light, low or leggy build.
  • Light eyes.
  • Low set, very long or unevenly carried ears.
  • Fly away ears.
  • Too long, tucked up or soft back.
  • Roach back.
  • Croup falling away.
  • Tail set inclined towards head.
  • Hindquarters too angulated or open hocked.
  • Long feet.
  • Short, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky, white or spotted coat.
  • Over- or undersize up to 1 cm.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Lack of sexual type (i.e. doggy bitch).
  • Too fine bones.
  • Muzzle Griffon-like upturned or long.
  • Too markedly undershot or pincer bite.
  • Protruding eyes.
  • Elbows turning out.
  • Hocks turning in.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 2 cm.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Malformation of any kind.
  • Lack of breed type.
  • Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat and colour.
  • Faults in mouth such as a scissor bite or wry mouth.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.